Objective

Industrial Training Institutes amp; provide training in technical field and constituted under Directorate General of Employment & Training (DGET), Ministry of Labour & Employment, Union Government of India.Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) are government-run training organizations
 

Access to ITIs

Normally a person who has passed 10 standard  is eligible for admission to ITI. The objective of opening of ITI is provide technical manpower to industries. These persons are trained in basic skills required to do jobs of say operator or a craftsman. The course in ITI is designed in way to impart basic skill in the trade specified. The duration of course may vary from one year to three years depending upon trade opted. After completion of desired period of training the person is eligible to appear in the AITT ( All India Trade Test ) conducted by NCVT( National Council for Vocational training ). After successfully passing AITT, the person is awarded NATIONAL TRADE CERTIFICATE (NTC)in concerning trade by NCVT. After passing ITI course a person may opt to undergo practical training in his trade in an industry for a year or two. Again the person has to appear & pass in a test to be conducted by NCVT to get the NATIONAL APPRENTICESHIP CERTIFICATE . There are both government funded and private (self-financing) ITI's in India. Most of ITI's impart training in technical trades like Instrument Mechanic, Electrician, Fitter, Plumber, Diesel mechanic, Computer Operator & Programming Assistant (COPA), Electrical Mechanic, Information Technology,  Refrigeration & Air Conditioning, Turner, Welder, etc. Industrial Training Centre (ITC's) are self financing and provide same courses as ITI's. Trade test for ITI and ITC trainees are common. The certificate issued by NCVT are of same standard whether one had a training in Government owned ITI or privately owned ITC.


A 2003 study of the ITIs conducted under the auspices of the International Labour Organisation found that a significant imbalance had developed between the needs of the Indian economy and the training activities of the ITIs, which were producing too many graduates for skills affected by industrial decline, and too few in the emerging and informal areas of the economy.